Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

2 Gulf College, Oman


Executive functions of the brain as a suite of cognitive skills implemented to perform cognitive processes, especially during education, have been of great interest in recent years. Considering this issue, there has been a bulk of investigations on the role of executive function on academic achievement at school and earlier times through childhood. In this systematic review paper, a history of existing literature on different studies on the relationship between executive function and its prominence in learning excellence and the ways to improve it effectively was compiled and debated. This study found noteworthy executive functions such as working memory manipulation, planning, task switching, attention shifting, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility experienced while engaging in different activities. Furthermore, the paper examined the debatable role of socioeconomic status and bilingualism in executive function. Finally, different intervention programs were reviewed and discussed to enhance the brain's executive functioning.